Cataracts Specialist

Gerald J. Mullan, MD -  - Ophthalmologist

Gerald J. Mullan, MD

Ophthalmologist located in Rochester Hills, MI & Hazel Park, MI

Cataracts are the most common cause of vision problems around the world, resulting in blurry, cloudy vision. Thankfully, board-certified ophthalmologist Dr. Gerald J. Mullan provides vision aids for early-stage cataracts and performs surgery for more advanced cataracts, which is safe and effective in helping you regain your vision. To get treatment for cataracts, call the office in Rochester Hills or Hazel Park, Michigan, or use the online booking tool.

Cataracts Q & A

What are cataracts?

Your eyes have lenses, not unlike the lens of a camera. Cataracts cause the lenses in your eyes to become foggy, blurry, or cloudy, so you have a harder time reading, driving at night, or seeing facial expressions. In general, your vision is less sharp than it was before, like your eyes have gone out of focus.

In addition to these changes in how you see, signs of cataracts include:

  • Needing more light to read
  • Frequently needing stronger eyeglass or contact lens prescriptions
  • Having difficulty driving, especially at night
  • Increased sensitivity to light and glare

Cataracts mainly affect people age 60 and older. Usually, they affect both eyes, but not evenly, meaning one eye is usually cloudier than the other.

How do cataracts form?

A cataract is a buildup of protein. When your eyes are healthy, the proteins in your eyes’ lenses are arranged into structures that allow you to see clearly, but these proteins can clump together, forming cataracts.

The cloudy vision associated with cataracts is the direct result of proteins blocking your eyes so less light reaches them. At first, the effects of a cataract may be too subtle to notice because it affects only a very small part of your eye. Over time, cataracts grow larger, further interfering with your vision.

Cataracts mainly affect people age 60 or older, though they may also affect younger people with past eye injuries and certain inherited genetic disorders that affect eye tissue. Doctors don’t know exactly what causes them, but if you’re at least 50 years old, you should get a comprehensive eye exam that includes cataract screenings every two years.

You may be at higher risk of developing cataracts if you:

  • Are obese
  • Smoke
  • Have high blood pressure
  • Get excessive exposure to the sun

Schedule an appointment with Dr. Mullan if you notice any bothersome changes to your vision.

How are cataracts treated?

The only way to treat a cataract is surgery, but depending on the size of your cataract, Dr. Mullan may not recommend surgery right away.

If you catch your cataract early, you may be able to see better with a stronger eyeglass or contact lens prescription. He may recommend you get special anti-glare lenses, which may help, as many people with cataracts have trouble with oncoming lights when they drive at night. Dr. Mullan also gives you tips on how to light your home more brightly.

Cataract surgery takes place in Dr. Mullan’s office, not a hospital, involves removing the cloudy lens from your eye and replacing it with a clear artificial one. The surgery is safe, effective, and doesn’t hurt. You’re awake but receive local anesthesia, and the entire procedure takes 15-20 minutes.

Your vision should improve within a few days after cataract surgery, and your eye fully heals in about a month. You can get back to many of your everyday activities within a week or two of cataract surgery. Note that if you need cataract surgery in both eyes, Dr. Mullan operates on each eye in two separate procedures and leaves time for your first eye to recover.

To get treatment for cataracts, call the office of Gerald J. Mullan, MD, or use the online booking tool.